10 / 2005

Indonesia - Carved and painted "Paduka" wedding clog - mid 20th century

Cultural forms in Madura are generally speaking similar to those of Java and, looked at from a wider viewpoint; belong to the Java - Bali - Madura - Sunda family. Madurese culture, however, has its own shades and tones, undoubtedly conditioned in part by the harsh landscape and climate. Although the majority of the people are muslims, about two percent are devoted Hindus. The too stick to Hindu customs relating to the use of leather as described before in September. The wooden toe-knob sandal shown here is called "paduka" and is intricately carved in one piece and painted with the use of liquid gold. It was used for a wedding ceremony. Madurese padukas for daily wear are less elaborate but still nicely carved and painted.

Research and text by : W.A.H.M. Habraken-Oosterhout-Holland
Illustration by : Colin Ball - Waalwijk - Holland